upsc full form in India
The UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) is one of India’s central recruiting agencies responsible for conducting various prestigious examinations and appointments to various civil services and government posts. Established on October 1, 1926, as the Public Service Commission, it was later reconstituted as the Federal Public Service Commission in 1935. After India’s independence in 1947, it was rechristened as the Union Public Service Commission.
The primary function of the UPSC is to recruit candidates for positions in the All India Services, the Central Services, and the Union Territories, except for the posts under the state government. The UPSC conducts a range of competitive examinations, including the Civil Services Examination, Engineering Services Examination, Combined Medical Services Examination, Indian Forest Service Examination, and various others.
Civil Services Examination (CSE):
Among all the examinations conducted by the UPSC, the Civil Services Examination (CSE) is the most prominent and sought-after. The CSE aims to select candidates for prestigious positions in the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), and other central services like the Indian Revenue Service (IRS), Indian Forest Service (IFS), etc.
The CSE is a three-tier examination
Preliminary Examination: It consists of two objective-type papers – General Studies Paper-I and General Studies Paper-II (popularly known as CSAT or Civil Services Aptitude Test). The preliminary examination serves as a screening test, and candidates who clear this stage are eligible to appear for the mains.
Main Examination: This stage comprises nine subjective papers, including one Indian language paper (qualifying in nature), one English language paper (qualifying in nature), and seven papers on subjects like General Studies, Essays, and optional subjects chosen by the candidates. The marks obtained in the main examination, along with the marks obtained in the interview, determine the final selection.
Personality Test (Interview): Candidates who qualify in the main examination are called for a personality test (interview). The interview panel assesses the candidates’ suitability for various administrative positions based on their personality, knowledge, and overall demeanor.
The CSE is known for its tough competition, with lakhs of aspirants appearing for a limited number of vacancies. Successful candidates who clear the CSE and subsequent stages secure prestigious positions in the Indian bureaucracy and contribute to policymaking and governance in the country.
Engineering Services Examination (ESE)
The Engineering Services Examination (ESE) is conducted by the UPSC to select engineering graduates for various technical posts in the government. The examination is divided into four categories – Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, and Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering.
Combined Medical Services Examination (CMSE)
The Combined Medical Services Examination (CMSE) is held to recruit medical officers in various government health organizations. Qualified candidates are appointed as medical officers in railways, Indian Ordnance Factories, municipal corporations, and various other organizations under the Central Government.
Indian Forest Service Examination (IFSE)
The Indian Forest Service Examination (IFSE) is conducted to select candidates for positions in the Indian Forest Service. Those who clear this examination serve in various forest and wildlife-related departments under the Central Government.
Apart from the major examinations mentioned above, the UPSC conducts various other examinations for specific posts and services. These examinations cater to specialized requirements in different sectors and ministries.
The Union Public Service Commission plays a crucial role in the selection and recruitment of candidates for various civil services and government posts. It upholds the principles of transparency and meritocracy in its examination processes, ensuring that the best and most deserving candidates are chosen to serve the nation. The UPSC examinations are not just about jobs; they represent opportunities to serve the country, make a positive impact, and contribute to the nation’s growth and development. As such, UPSC examinations continue to attract aspirants from diverse backgrounds who aspire to be a part of the country’s administrative machinery and bring about meaningful change.